There are a lot of reasons why Windows XP is not loading. Most often, a problem is accompanied by a textual explanation on a black background. But sometimes even it may not be. The article will discuss the most popular errors and failures of the operating system, as well as ways to eliminate them.
Among the most common mistakes, the following can be distinguished: Bootmgr is missing, NTLDR is missing, BSOD and many others. In the first case, the problem is the damage to the bootloader files. The second failure indicates a violation of the integrity of registry entries. BSOD is one of the names of the blue screen of death. There are other failures, the full list of which would take several dozen pages. But the solutions for many faults are universal. For example, most of the frivolous problems with the work system can be eliminated by rebooting. Of course, exceptions to this rule are often found, but it has the right to life. Further, universal ways to get rid of situations when Windows XP is not launched will be considered. If you cannot determine the cause or error code, then simply execute each in order. One of them will definitely help. If the problem is known, then view the corresponding section of the article.
Method 1: Last successful configuration
When Windows XP fails to start normally several times, the download menu will open. It contains several options for emergency system startup. To start, you should choose “The last successful …”.In this mode, system files will partially roll back to the state when the PC was functioning in normal mode. Important: if the menu of download options does not start automatically, it must be opened manually. To do this, restart the PC and press F8 many times.If this option of turning on the computer turned out to be successful, then everything is in order with Windows, there was a one-time crash. On this, the problem can be considered solved, subsequent launches will occur in standard mode. They do not need the same setting. Otherwise, the crash is so easy not to fix. Then move on to the next solution to the problem.
Method 2: Recovery from a Safe Mode
If the previous option did not help, then run from the same menu “Safe mode”. When the system starts, a rollback to the previous control point is required. For more information on this topic, read in the article “Restoration of the Windows XP system”.Now consider a short call for this function. Uncover the full list of items in the Start. Next go to “Standard – Service”. And from there, run the element “Restoration of the system”.
Then just follow the directions on the screen.Note: when rolled back, user data will not be affected. But some programs can be deleted and the settings canceled. As a matter of fact, the recovery procedure is this.
Method 3: Live CD
A live CD is called a disk with a system that does not require installation. She is immediately ready for use. A “living image” allows you to perform emergency recovery and backup data in a computer or laptop with a non-working Windows. To start, you need to find the right Live CD to write to disk or flash drive. This will require another computer with Internet access.
- Download the appropriate Live Image.
- Download UltraISO at http://www.ezbsystems.com/dl1.php?file=uiso9_pe.exe.
- Install and run the program.
- Choose an option “Betailed period…”.
- Press Ctrl + O and specify the image file.
- Insert the disk into the optical drive or connect the USB flash drive.
- In the first case – click “Tools – Write an Image”, in the second – “Self-loading – Write an image”.
- Check that the correct device or drive is specified, format the media and activate the item “Verification”.
- It remains only to start the record and wait for its end.
Now connect the media to the faulty computer and complete the recovery with the Live CD. You can also try replacing the following system files: Boot.ini, NTLDR, Ntdetect. They are responsible for the operation of the bootloader and other important components of Windows.
Method 4: Reinstalling Windows XP
Failure in the three previous cases suggests that the damage to system files is most likely critical. They are not subject to standard recovery. Only remains reinstalling Windows XP.It requires the creation of a boot disk with the image of the operating system. This procedure is no different from writing a Live CD. Windows image is not available for download from Microsoft servers, so first find the right assembly on the Internet. Transferring it to the blockhead is easiest with UltraISO, you can also use the USB flash drive. When the recording is completed, you need to install the BIOS boot from the removable media. This is done in the Boot section. There, find the Boot Priority item, put the desired device in first place.Then go back to the main section and exit while saving the settings. Now restart the computer. The installation procedure will start. It is necessary to format the disk completely.
Important: if you do not want to lose data, then first transfer it to a removable media using download via Live CD.